We are disappointed to report that there were four fatalities at our underground operations in the East Region of Kazakhstan in 2018. One fatality occurred at the Artemyevsky mine and three at Orlovsky. Following all fatal incidents, operations in the affected area are suspended and senior management attend the site within a short period of the incident occurring as part of a preliminary investigation. All fatalities are investigated by state authorities andfollowing this the Group conducts its own detailed investigation toestablish the root causes and identify key learnings.
Fatality frequency rate
KAZ Minerals considers all fatalities to be avoidable and has a target of zero fatalities. There have been no operational fatalities in any of the Group’s open pit mining assets at Bozshakol, Aktogay and Bozymchak since the mines commenced production, covering a total of 38 million man hours. Open pit mining is inherently safer than underground mining and significant efforts have been made at the new open pit mines to establish and maintain a strong safety culture from the outset.
The number of fatalities is on a long-term downward trend. Rock fall in underground mines has been a cause of fatalities in previous years and in 2018 a ground control improvement plan was implemented to directly address this risk, an initiative which continues into 2019. Work in this area has already shown improvements and none of the fatal incidents in 2018 resulted from rock falls.
Additional initiatives in 2018 included detailed health and safetyaudits of all mines and Group-wide workshops to implement best practice. Investments have also been made in improvements to emergency response capabilities and general medical support.
The Group reports its health and safety performance according to the occupational injury and disease classification definitions published in January 2014 by the ICMM.
The average TRIFR for ICMM members in 2017 was 3.94 (2016: 4.26). The reporting of minor injuries and near misses are important management tools for improving health and safety performance. Under ICMM definitions, all injuries including minor injuries requiring treatment beyond first aid or resulting in the worker’s inability to perform his or her routine work function on the next calendar day, are recordable injuries. To improve the ability of management to take pre-emptive action, a culture of open reporting of minor injuries and near misses has been successfully implemented at Bozshakol and Aktogay. The Group is working to encourage a similar reporting culture across all of its assets and therefore the reporting of recordable injuries and near misses may increase in the short term.
There were 61 TRI cases in 2018, an increase of 20% comparedwith the 51 injuries recorded in 2017. Man-hours worked increased in 2018 to 35.0 million (2017: 32.0 million), resulting in a 9% increase in TRIFR to 1.74 (2017: 1.60). The main causes of injury were falls (16) and rock falls (12).
There were 18 serious injuries out of a total of 61 recordable injuries, compared with 13 serious injuries in 2017. The main causes of serious injury were slips and falls (six), rock falls (four) and vehicle related incidents (two).
Total Recordable Injuiry Frequency Rate
Total Recordable Cases
Total Recordable Cases Frequency Rate