Copper production is resource-intensive and we aim to avoid related environmental damage at every stage of the mining lifecycle. Our licence to operate relies on us fulfilling the requirements of environmental permits, and we seek to further reduce our impacts where possible. Doing so helps us manage financial, regulatory and reputational risks to our business. We are investing in upgrading our equipment, which brings environmental benefits, and allows us to become more efficient. We engage with environmental policymakers to help us meet changing regulations in Kazakhstan. We continue to strengthen our approach to environmental risk assessment and monitoring.